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Title: Helium isotope systematics in the vicinity of the Azores triple junction: Constraints on the Azores geodynamics. Chemical Geology, 372, 62-71.
Authors: Madureira, Pedro
Moreira, Manuel
Mata, João
Nunes, João Carlos
Gautheron, Cecile
Lourenço, Nuno
Carvalho, Maria do Rosário
Pinto de Abreu, Manuel
Keywords: He isotopes
Terceira Rift
Eurasia-Nubia boundary
Azores Triple Junction
Issue Date: 2014
Publisher: Chemical Geology
Abstract: We present new He isotopic data from subaerial and submarine samples collected along the Terceira Rift (Azores Plateau) in order to constrain the sources involved in the Azoresmagmatismin the unique geodynamic contextof the Azores triple junction. Lower thanMORB 4He/3He isotopic ratioswere determined on olivines fromthe Terceira Island and the adjacent Serreta submarine ridge (down to≈69,000;≈10.5 R/Ra),which in addition to the Ne isotopes previously published inMadureira et al. (2005) [Primitive heliumand neon isotopes in Terceira Island: Constraints on the origin of the Azores archipelago. Earth and Planetary Science Letters 233, 429–440], support the geochemical models that consider the involvement of the lower mantle in the Azores magmatism. The analysis of He data published for the Mid-Atlantic Ridge (MAR) points to the existence of chemically distinct mantle domains underneath Eurasia and Nubia lithospheric plates, which can result from an heterogeneous distribution of asthenosphere metasomatism during the initial stages of plume activity in the Azores region. At the Terceira Rift, lavas from Graciosa Island, as well as from the western end of São Miguel Island and D. João de Castro Bank, display 4He/3He ratios similar to those observed along the MAR segments located to the north of the Azores triple junction area. Conversely, samples from the south Hirondelle Basin and also Faial display a He isotopic signature similar to that of MORB erupted along MAR segments located to the south of the Azores Plateau. The Terceira Rift and the Azores triple junction area are thus characterized by the mingling of two different asthenospheric domains referred as “Eurasia” and “Nubia” type and by the presence of mantle plume derived material having primitive helium signature.
Type: article
Appears in Collections:CGE - Publicações - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais Com Arbitragem Científica

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