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Title: Removal of pharmaceuticals in constructed wetlands using Typha and LECA. A pilot-scale study.
Authors: Dordio, Ana V.
Palace Carvalho, A. J.
Estêvão Candeias, A. J.
Pinto, Ana P.
Costa, Cristina
Keywords: constructed wetlands
Issue Date: Sep-2007
Abstract: An ever-increasing number of xenobiotic compounds are getting detected in environmental samples worldwide. Serious concern about the contamination of water resources and drinking water supplies has aroused from the prevalence of pharmaceutical residues in the aquatic ecosystems. Some pharmaceuticals such as ibuprofen, carbamazepine and clofibric acid are frequently detected in waters [1]. These compounds are generally quantified at low concentrations (at the ng/L or mg/L range) but, due to their persistence in the environment and to potentially cumulative effects in the organisms, studies have shown that these compounds can have some damaging effects on the aquatic ecosystems [1]. Several xenobiotic organic compounds have already been removed from contaminated waters using constructed wetlands (CW) where the processes occurring in natural wetlands can be optimized in engineered man-made ecosystems, specifically designed for wastewater treatment. Among several physico-chemical phenomena, sorption by the support matrix plays an important role in the contaminant removal mechanisms. It is important to select a matrix with a high sorption capacity, which will depend on the physico-chemical properties of the material chosen. Previous studies have shown that expanded clay (LECA) is capable to remove, by sorption, this type of substances from water [2]. CWs also take advantage of the ability of plants to adsorb, uptake and concentrate pollutants, as well as to release root exudates that enhance compound biotransformation and degradation. Wetland species such as the cattail (Typha spp.) have already been tested and found suitable for the removal of several organic compounds from wastewaters, being commonly used in CWs [3]. The aim of the present work was to evaluate the efficiency of a subsurface flow constructed wetland assembled with the plants Typha spp. and LECA as support matrix, for the removal of three pharmaceuticals, namely ibuprofen, carbamazepine and clofibric acid, from contaminated waters.
Type: lecture
Appears in Collections:QUI - Comunicações - Em Congressos Científicos Internacionais

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