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Title: Sorption behavior of granular matrices for application in pharmaceutical removal by SSF constructed wetlands
Authors: Dordio, Ana V.
Estêvão Candeias, A. J.
Pinto, Ana P.
Costa, Cristina
Palace Carvalho, A. J.
Keywords: constructed wetlands
Issue Date: Sep-2007
Abstract: In recent years, the occurrence and fate of pharmaceutically active compounds (PhACs) in the aquatic environment has been recognized as one of the emerging issues in environmental chemistry. Clofibric acid, ibuprofen and carbamazepine are some of the most frequently found PhACs in environmental monitoring studies. Some xenobiotics have already been successfully removed from contaminated waters using constructed wetlands (CW). Depuration of wastewaters in CWs is achieved by the concerted action between plant rhizomes, microorganisms and matrix component. CWs efficiency can be significantly improved by careful selection of the matrix, plants and microorganism used. Among several physico-chemical phenomena, sorption by the matrix plays an important role in the PhACs removal mechanism. It is important to select a matrix with a high sorption capacity, which depends on the physico-chemical properties of the material chosen. Previous studies carried out by the authors showed that expanded clay (LECA) presents a high sorptive affinity by clofibric acid [1]. The aim of the present work was to evaluate the capacity of LECA to remove other PhACs, namely ibuprofen and carbamazepine, and compare the results obtained with these pharmaceuticals with those obtained previously with clofibric acid. In addition, other materials were tested for the removal of clofibric acid and the results were compared with those obtained with LECA. The ultimate objective of this work will be to optimize the performance of this component in the overall performance of a constructed wetlands system designed for the removal of PhACs from wastewaters.
Type: lecture
Appears in Collections:QUI - Comunicações - Em Congressos Científicos Internacionais

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