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Title: Activated carbon fibres prepared from kenaf: Influence of the experimental consditions on the morphology and textural properties
Authors: Valente Nabais, Joao
Carrott, Peter
Carrott, Manuela
Correa, Eduardo
Keywords: adsorption
activated carbon
Issue Date: 2006
Publisher: The British Carbon Group,
Citation: E.M. Cuerda-Correa, A. Macias-Garcia, J. Valente Nabais, P.J.M. Carrott, “Activated carbon fibres prepared from kenaf: Influence of the experimental consditions on the morphology and textural properties”, Carbon 2006 (Malcolm Heggie, Edt.) The British Carbon Group, Aberdeen (2006), Short Abstract pag 261, Extented Abstract (Edição em CD-room) pag 261-267.
Abstract: Porous materials are usually heterogeneous both structurally and energetically. Activated carbon fibres (ACFs) are relatively novel fibrous adsorbents produced for example from pith, cellulose, lignocellulose, phenol resin and polyacrylonityile (Peebles, 1995; Ryu, 1999). ACFs show important advantages with respect to conventional activated carbons. Among these advantages it is worth noting their high adsorption capacity and easiness to handle. Their main inconvenience lays on the difficulty of choosing adequate activating agents and activation conditions that are required in order to maintain the fibrous morphology. The adsorption capacity of ACFs depends on many factors, such as raw materials, activation process, pore structure and surface functionalities (Suffet, 1981; Park, 1999). Surface roughness is an important factor that influences the adsorption properties of an activated carbon. Fractal dimension is a measure of roughness of a surface. The use of the fractal concept is becoming very popular as a tool to characterize the texture of complex materials, such as porous solids. The fractal properties of these porous systems were determined by means of several techniques such as gas adsorption, mercury porosimetry and Small-Angle X-Ray Scattering (SAXS and SANS). Kenaf is an herbaceous annual plant that belongs to the family of Malvaceae. Kenaf possesses both, long and short fibre. The aim of this work is to study the influence of the preparation conditions on the fractal dimension and porous texture of ACFs prepared from long fibres of kenaf by physical activation using carbon dioxide as activating agent.
Type: article
Appears in Collections:CQE - Publicações - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais Com Arbitragem Científica

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