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Title: Mineralogical and chemical changes induced by experiments of interaction between supercritical CO2 and plutonic mafic rocks. A case study in Portugal.
Authors: Moita, Patricia
Berrezueta, Edgar
Abdoulghafour, Halidi
Beltrame, Massimo
Mirão, José
Ribeiro, Carlos
Barrulas, Pedro
Pedro, Jorge
Carneiro, Júlio
Keywords: Mineral carbonation
CO2 storage
Issue Date: Apr-2022
Publisher: European Geosciences Union
Citation: Moita, P., Berrezueta, E., Abdoulghafour, H., Beltrame, M., Mirão, J., Ribeiro, C., . . . Carneiro, J. (2022). Mineralogical and chemical changes induced by experiments of interaction between supercritical CO2 and plutonic mafic rocks. A case study in Portugal. Paper presented at the EGU General Assembly 2022,, Vienna, Austria.
Abstract: The focus of this research is a qualitative study of mineralogical and chemical changes in plutonic mafic rock samples after exposure to a CO2-rich brine, under supercritical conditions (SC), to clarify the behavior of brine and rock in the initial stages of mineral carbonation. The studied rock consists of a gabbro-anorthosite from the Odivelas massif, in southern Portugal. The sample was exposed to a SC CO2-rich brine (P≈8 MPa, T≈40◦C) for runs of 0, 30 and 90 days. Experiments were conducted in batch mode, ie. with no CO2 flow, and with a proportion of CO2 to brine of 0.226 for 30 days and 0.033 for 90 days. In addition, numerical modeling was applied to complement the experimental observations, reproducing the experimental observations and simulate the chemical behavior for longer times. The chemical analysis of the brine, before and after, the experiment, shows: (i) increase of magnesium (Mg2+), calcium (Ca2+) and silica (SiO2) for the 30 and 90 days runs and (ii) decrease of pH (8.1 to 6.1 and 8.1 to 6.3, respectively). Experimental and numerical results indicate that the rock sample suffered a slight dissolution process with mineralogical/textural readjustments on the external area of the specimens studied. This is thought to mimic the initial dissolution process under early-stage mineral carbonation. After 90 days, apart from halite, there are no significant new mineral phases. However, the elemental association in the EDS maps of carbon and magnesium dissociated from silicon suggests the residual crystallization of magnesite.
Type: article
Appears in Collections:ICT - Publicações - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais Com Arbitragem Científica

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