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Title: A first approach on the paleoenvironmental analysis of the Pedreira da Engenharia Formation (Middle Devonian) using microfossil assemblages
Authors: Silvério, Gonçalo
Liao, Jau-Chyn
Valenzuela Ríos, José Ignacio
Moreira, Noel
Machado, Gil
Issue Date: Oct-2022
Publisher: Palaeontological Publications Nº 2 - Sociedad Española de Paleontologia
Citation: SILVÉRIO, G., LIAO, J.C., VALENZUELA RÍOS, J.I., MOREIRA, N., MACHADO, G. (2022), A first approach on the paleoenvironmental analysis of the Pedreira da Engenharia Formation (Middle Devonian) using microfossil assemblages. Livro de resumos das XXXVII Jornadas de Paleontología Sociedad Española de Paleontología y V Congreso Ibérico de Paleontología, Cuenca. Palaeontological publications, 2, 182.
Abstract: At the southwest domains of the Iberian Massif there is a Variscan suture zone between two tectonostratigraphic terranes: the Iberian Terrane, which include the Ossa-Morena Zone (OMZ); and the South Portuguese Terrane. On the OMZ (located at north), some small-scale limestone outcrops, no bigger than a square kilometer, appear. One of these limestone outcrops was classified as the Pedreira da Engenharia Formation, containing a 30-meter sequence of dark-grey decimetric calciturbidites, interbedded with centimetric black shales. In previous studies conducted by the authors, an Eifelian (Middle Devonian) age was assessed for this formation. In the present study, a first attempt is made to infer palaeoenvironmental conditions for this formation using microfossil assemblages obtained for biostratigraphic studies. The samples were dissolved using formic acid (~7%), therefore, all fossils of a calcitic nature were dissolved during the process, except for those which suffered silicification. Since no macrofossils were visible on the surface or in thin sections, and the rock itself could not be disaggregated, all of the available material was extracted from the dissolution residue. The microfossil assemblage was moderately rich in conodonts (around 25 per kilogram), although the majority of fossils were silicified dacryoconarids, outnumbering the conodonts on a proportion of around 10 to 1. The identified conodont genera (Polygnathus and Tortodus), as well as coniform elements (also present in the samples) are more commonly found in deep depositional environments. The higher proportion of dacryoconarids is also indicative of a deep-water environment, since these animals were planktonic and, therefore, would sink to the bottom in large amounts at distal locations. The data seems to indicate a distal depositional environment, in a deep-water setting, were only the edges of turbiditic currents would reach, given the lack of abundant shallow-water fossils, and where dacryoconarid necrocenoses would sink to the bottom.
Type: lecture
Appears in Collections:ICT - Comunicações - Em Congressos Científicos Nacionais

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