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Title: Building pathology and environment: Weathering and decay of stone construction materials subjected to a Csa mediterranean climate laboratory simulation
Authors: Sitzia, Fabio
Lisci, Carla
Mirao, Josè
Keywords: Ultrasonic measurements
Hypothetical outdoor exposure
Ageing test
μ-XRD diffraction
Gas-driven permeability
Leeb D hardness
Issue Date: Sep-2021
Publisher: Elsevier
Abstract: Building stone materials have to satisfy long-term durability requirements in different environments in terms of mechanical strength and resistance to aggressive conditions. Several studies and field observations show that weathering on geo-materials is related to average annual precipitation and temperature. The decay also depends on salts air/soil concentrations and biological agents, but the more harmful impact is given by greenhouse gas (e.g. CO2, SOX, NOX, O3). These last induce the acidification of the rain and runoff waters. Nowadays, decay prediction is required in order to estimate the behaviour of stone materials over time. This research represents a second part of a previous work where the response to weathering of some construction materials used in ancient and contemporary architecture and cultural heritage has been evaluated by a labo- ratory simulation of hot-summer Csa Mediterranean climate. Simulation consists of accelerate ageing test on climate chamber by reproducing macro (e.g. daily and seasonal cycles of temperature, relative humidity, CO2 air concentration) and micro (e.g. rain, soil capillary rising) environments. Some non-destructive testing were executed to evaluate some physical–mechanical “decay markers” before and after the ageing. Test caused both decreasing and increasing of Leeb D hardness, decreases of permeability and a general decrease of ultrasonic speed, mainly due to the formations of patinas, crusts and efflorescences on the surfaces.
Type: article
Appears in Collections:HERCULES - Publicações - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais Com Arbitragem Científica

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