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|Title: ||Ecotoxicological risk assessment of tributaries to the Alqueva Reservoir (Southern Portugal)|
|Authors: ||Palma, Patrícia|
Novais, Maria Helena
Monllor-Alcaraz, Luis Simon
Lopez de Alda, Miren
|Keywords: ||Alqueva tributaries|
|Issue Date: ||Jun-2018|
|Publisher: ||First International Conference in Ecological and Environmental Engineering, Krakow, Poland, 26-29 June 2018|
|Citation: ||Palma P., Fialho S., Lima A., Penha A., Novais M.H., Monllor-Alcaraz L.S., Guillem-Argiles N., Lopez de Alda M., Alvarenga P., Morais M. & Salgado R.
“Ecotoxicological risk assessment of tributaries to the Alqueva Reservoir (Southern Portugal)”. First International Conference in Ecological and Environmental Engineering, Krakow, Poland, 26-29 June 2018|
|Abstract: ||The Alqueva reservoir constitutes the most important water supply source in southern Portugal, a semi-arid region, affected by water scarcity and where agriculture is one of the main activities. The aim of this study was to assess the usefulness of the use of ecotoxicological endpoints to detect chemical alterations in the tributaries to the Alqueva reservoir, that may affect its water quality. Water and sediment samples were collected along 2017 at four Alqueva’s tributaries (Zebro, Álamos, Amieira and Lucefécit streams), which were analyzed for: (i) physicochemical support paramters; (ii) hazardous substances (pesticides), and (iii) ecotoxicological endpoints. The results for Zebro and Lucefécit, presented a 5-day biological oxygen demand (BOD5) (Zebro: 4.0-35.5 mg L-1; Lucefécit: 2.3-7.5 mg L-1), and total phosphorus (Zebro: 0.18-6.23 mg L-1; Lucefécit: 0.02-1.92 mg L-1), that compromise the support of biological life, with regard to nutrient and oxygenation conditions. Concerning pesticides, the concentrations detected were low, being bentazone the compound quantified at highest levels at Lucefécit (1.94 µg L-1). As for the ecotoxicological characterization, samples from Zebro and Lucefécit streams were identified as toxic when using sublethal endpoints (e.g., reproduction, feed inhibition or growth inhibition). In conclusion, the ecotoxicological characterization identified the water streams which promoted a higher negative impact in the reservoir, which is essential to delineate specific management actions to improve its ecological status and the balance of the respective ecosystems.|
|Appears in Collections:||ICT - Comunicações - Em Congressos Científicos Internacionais|
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