ISM: general ISM: structure atomic processes turbulence MHD
Highlights of Astronomy/Cambridge university Press
Until recently the dynamical evolution of the interstellar medium (ISM) was simu- lated using collisional ionization equilibrium (CIE) conditions. However, the ISM is a dynamical system, in which the plasma is naturally driven out of equilibrium due to atomic and dynamic processes operating on different timescales. A step forward in the field comprises a multi-fluid approach taking into account the joint thermal and dynamical evolutions of the ISM gas.