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Title: A DFT study on the adsorption of benzodiazepines to vermiculite surfaces
Authors: Carvalho, Alfredo Jorge Palace
Dordio, Ana V.
Ramalho, J. P. Prates
Keywords: adsorption
Clay minerals
Issue Date: 2014
Citation: Carvalho, Alfredo Jorge Palace; Dordio, Ana V.; Ramalho, J. P. Prates. A DFT study on the adsorption of benzodiazepines to vermiculite surfaces, Journal of Molecular Modeling, 20, 7, 2336-2336, 2014.
Abstract: Widespread use of pharmaceuticals such as benzodiazepines has been resulting over the last decades in the dissemination of residues of these compounds in the environment, and such fact has been raising increasing concern. The generally low efficiencies of conventional wastewater treatment processes for the removal of this type of pollutants demands for the development of alternative or complementary water and wastewater treatment technologies, among which adsorption processes have been gaining popularity, provided that cheap efficient adsorbents are found. Clay materials have been one of the popular choices in this regard. In the present study, quantumchemical calculations have been performed by periodic DFT using the projector augmented-wave (PAW) method to characterize the interactions of two benzodiazepine molecules, alprazolam and diazepam, with a surface of clay mineral, vermiculite. It was observed that both molecules interact strongly with the vermiculite surface, both through a water-bridge binding and by cation-bridge provided by the exchangeable Mg2+ cations of the vermiculite surface. The results point to an interesting potential of vermiculite to be used efficiently as filter medium to remove these pollutants from water and wastewater.
Other Identifiers: 1610-2940
Type: article
Appears in Collections:CQE - Publicações - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais Com Arbitragem Científica

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